There are only seven countries in Central America: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Luckily, Guatemala is located between two oceans (the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea/the Atlantic). The other Central American countries located between two oceans are Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras.
Sailing in the Caribbean Sea without knowing much about the history of Guatemala, I realized Guatemala is fortunate to touch the Caribbean Sea. In this corner of the Caribbean, there is a busy port called ‘Puerto Barrios’. This port is located in the Gulf of Honduras where the Gulf Stream gets some of its water. Seeing all the big boat traffic arriving and departing from this port, I asked myself why there are so many ships in this area. Looking at a map, I concluded that this port is an alternative option for transporting containers and goods from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean or vice versa. It acts a sort of link between two oceans. On land, trucks bring the containers from one side to the next. Without crossing the expensive Panama Canal, goods can be transported between Latin American countries and east coast of the USA, and Asian countries or vice versa.
Last year, there was news about a Chinese company building a US$50 Billion interoceanic canal through Nicaragua. However, this project has been postponed. It doesn’t look like it is going to happen any time soon. For right now, the expanded Panama Canal works well; however, Puerto Barrios in Guatemala also links two oceans acting as a dry canal port. It is said that dry canals can be built quickly and cheaply as opposed to the cost of construction of a transoceanic canal. Even though building a double track rail and highway needs lots of money, by looking at the Puerto Barrios and its geographical location, I see the future looks bright.